Hypertension or high blood pressure can develop over many years and can affect many people at some point of there life, but if not treated on time, it can result in the risks of many cardiovascular problems and also chronic kidney problems.
Hypertension is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is continuously elevated.
What are the different types of Hypertension?
There are two major types of hypertension.
High blood pressure caused due to genetic, prenatal or other natural causes such as aging (people over 60 years) is called primary hypertension.
Secondary hypertension is caused due to specific health conditions, such as kidney disorders, lung disorders or some other health problems.
What are the symptoms of Hypertension?
Warning symptoms of hypertension are not felt for several years, and it continues to develop without any signs. However, some of the signs of high blood pressure are frequent breathlessness, throbbing headaches, nosebleeds, unusual sweating but these symptoms only occur when there is a severe medical complication.
What are the complications of Hypertension?
Heart and Blood Vessels:
Hypertension can result in a disorder known as an aneurysm which causes the blood vessels to swell and weaken. This can lead to rupture of blood vessels which can be fatal.
Hypertension can cause heart failure which is one of the most serious complications. Narrowing of the blood vessels increases the workload on the heart and makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood. Thereby, heart muscle thickens and leads to cardiac arrest and death.
Stroke can occur due to hemorrhage of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain. Stroke can result from reduced blood flow to the brain through arteries damaged due to persistent high blood pressure. An estimated 85% of strokes are ischemic (due to decreased blood flow). Another indication of a hypertensive disease that affects the brain is hypertensive encephalopathy syndrome (results in a severe headache followed by convulsions, coma or a variety of transitory cerebral phenomena).
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can interference with your cognitive ability such as focusing, remembering, thinking, etc. It can also trigger loss of memory.
Persistent high blood pressure can lead to chronic kidney disease due to damaged blood vessels present in the kidneys. This damage can lead to poor blood filtration by kidneys resulting in the accumulation of wastes in the body.
Hypertensive retinopathy is the hypertensive disease of the eye. In the retina of the eye, changes in the blood vessels ultimately result in disruption of the integrity of the blood vessels, which results in blood or fatty acids leak onto the delicate retinal tissue, this results in permanent vision change, or if not treated it can lead to permanent vision loss.